Abstract: The article describes the Persian sabre “shamshir” dated by the end of 18th – the beginning of 20th. The author highlights the characteristic features of the “classic” shamshir: long blade curved substantially has a lenticular or flat cross-section, a simple hilt with an offset pommel and two lengthy quillons. The article shows the areas where the shamshirs in addition to Iran were widely spread: India, Afghanistan, Turkey, North Africa and Arab world and identifies the regional characteristics of shamshir hilts, emphasizes that such wide spread was due to substantial export of Persian blades, which as a rule were a better quality than local ones. In regions blades were mounted with hilts, which were made according to the local traditions both in design and material used.
Keywords: saber, shamshir, Persian, blade, hilt.