Gorbunov V.V. Long Blade Weapon Of Turkic Cavalry

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Алексей Курочкин
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Gorbunov V.V. Long Blade Weapon Of Turkic Cavalry

Сообщение Алексей Курочкин » 22 фев 2016, 23:40

Despite the fact that series of long blade weapons of the Turkish culture is small, it covers all stages of existence of the community. In this case, it is possible to outline the main trends in the development of this weapon Turkic cavalry.
During the formation of the Turkic ethnos (460-552 years) single edge swords with the straight hilt and pommel hook, some of which supplied with rectangular cross-guard were used. They were the legacy of the previous period of the "great migration" and practically copied the samples of the characteristic of swords of southern Siberia II–V centuries A.D.
During the existence of the first Turkic khaganate (552-657 years) single-edged and double-edged swords with a straight handle, without crossguard or with rhomboid-hexagonal crossguard were used.
Emergence of the sabers came to the period of the second Eastern Turkic (682-744 years) and Turgesh khaganates (699-756 years). The first samples had one and half edged blade and a straight handle without the crossguard. Swords were single edged at this time. Transition from a straight to an inclined handle and an emergence of selected pommel for the best hold in your hand was noted. Part of the sword is provided with a rectangular crossguard, but still there are swords without crossguard.
After the settlement in the prairies of Central Asia the rule of the Uyghur khaganate (745-840.), the Turkic set of bladed weapons included one and half edged swords and sabers with rectangular crossguard. The second short edge, probably, came to the swords from the sabers. The sabers still had a straight handle, but it had received a narrow collarpiece on the base of the blade, and the swords were supplied with inclined handle with a noticeable pommel.
In the period of great power of the Kyrgyz khaganate (840-950.) among the Turks there was a change of sabers due to the tilt of the handle, the appearance of the holder with pull tab at the base of the blade and cross-shaped cross-guard. Swords are single-edged, but the lack of well preserved items does not allow pointing out others their peculiarities.
At the final stage of the existence of Turkic culture (950-1100 years) new changes in the long-bladed weapon was not observed. Single edge swords and one and the half sabers were observed. They have a slanted handle and a rectangular crossguard.
In general, the development of Turkic swords and sabers came to increasing the length of the blade (from 60 to 80 cm), the transition from a straight to an inclined handle and equipped with crossguard, which also increased its length (from 6-7 to 10-11 cm). Its evolution had been aimed at creating structures optimal for use in a cavalry battle. It resulted in the basic requirements for such weapons: not too heavy, a sufficient length and an emphasis on cutting strike for the sword and cut-and-slash strike for sabers. The thrusting function with all its importance remained additional for equestrian warrior.

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Алексей Курочкин
Сообщения: 107
Зарегистрирован: 29 апр 2015, 18:55

Re: Gorbunov V.V. Long Blade Weapon Of Turkic Cavalry

Сообщение Алексей Курочкин » 22 фев 2016, 23:44

This remarkable article provides the archaeological proof of the appearance of the first saber - 6-7th century of Turkic origin.
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